This report helps the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) build the base of knowledge necessary to reliably identify and interpret racial and ethnic differences in relation to ACF’s human services programs. Better understanding these differences and being able to distinguish when those differences indicate disparities can help improve ACF’s program delivery. To further ACF’s understanding, this report synthesizes the existing research on racial and ethnic differences and disparities in relation to the service delivery systems of six programs, or program areas, administered by ACF: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Child Support Enforcement Program, Child Care and Development Fund, Head Start, and Family and Youth Services Bureau programs for runaway and homeless youth and adolescent pregnancy prevention. (Author abstract modified)
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Identifying Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Human Services: A Conceptual Framework and Literature Review.