This analysis highlights the growth in the number of incarcerated parents and their children since 1991. It reviews data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics and documents the growing impact of incarceration on children and families. As of 2007, 1.7 million children had a parent in prison, an 82% increase from the figure of 936,000 in 1991. The racial/ethnic variation among this group is quite broad: 1 in 15 African-American children has a parent in prison, as does 1 in 42 Latino children and 1 in 111 white children. Due to the distance from home in which many parents are incarcerated -- 62% of parents in state prisons are more than 100 miles from home -- visits from children are declining over time. In 2004, more than half of parents in state prisons and nearly half in federal prisons had never had a visit from their children. (Author abstract modified)
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Incarcerated Parents and Their Children: Trends 1991-2007.