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Interactions Between Cultural and Economic Determinants of Divorce in The Netherlands.

Publication Year: 
Personal Author: 
Kalmijn, Matthijs.
De Graaf, Paul M.
Poortman, Anne-Rigt.
Journal Article
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This study examines the relationship between gendered family roles and divorce in The Netherlands. Cultural and economic aspects of this relationship are distinguished. Economic hypotheses argue that the likelihood of divorce is increased if women work for pay and have attractive labor market resources. Cultural hypotheses argue that divorce chances are increased if women adhere to emancipatory norms, independent of their labor market positions. An event-history analysis of a life-history survey among 1,289 Dutch women reveals evidence for both hypotheses. Interaction effects are found as well: The protective effect of a traditional division of paid labor is only present among couples in which wives have traditional gender attitudes. Hence, the validity of economic explanations of divorce is conditional on cultural values. (Author abstract)

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