In 1993, 1,240,172 births (nearly a third of all births) occurred outside of marriage in the U.S. This report to Congress summarizes available scientific information on nonmarital fertility and addresses four broad areas. First, several apparent trends and patterns in nonmarital childbearing are described. Although the number of such births has increased dramatically in recent decades, the rate of increase has slowed in the last several years and remained steady during the last three years for which data were available. This information is presented with detail for demographic and social sub-groups. The report also examines the consequences of nonmarital childbearing for children, for adults, and for the public and seeks to identify the negative consequences that can be attributed to nonmarital childbearing as distinct from consequences due to the generally disadvantaged circumstances of the couples who have children outside marriage. The report also investigates the causes of the dramatic increase in nonmarital fertility, and presents research findings on various individual, family, neighborhood, community, and policy factors that might affect the incidence of nonmarital childbearing are summarized. The final focus of the report concerns the prevention of pregnancy or childbearing among unmarried persons and policies or actions that might ameliorate the negative consequences associated with parenthood outside marriage. In particular, issues for federal, State, and local policy makers to consider are outlined, along with suggestions for policy initiatives that might reduce nonmarital parenthood. Document Scanned.
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Report to Congress on Out-of-Wedlock Childbearing.